# Compute the product cost per unit for each job, using the original costing system

Review the Decision Case 1 (Harris Systems) located on page 942-943 in you textbook. Answer the four case questions in the Requirements section of the case. In addition, address the following in one to two paragraphs:

• Compare and contrast ABC costing and traditional costing methods, giving examples.
• In the assigned case, which system provides a more accurate picture of the cost incurred to produce the jobs?
• Provide examples of manufacturers in your geographic area and explain which system would be best for them.

Respond to each directive or question in 1–2 paragraphs. Apply current APA standards for writing style to your work.

Harris Systems specializes in servers for workgroup, e-commerce, and ERP applications. The company’s original job costing system has two direct cost categories: Direct materials and direct labor. Overhead is allocated to jobs at the single rate of \$22 per direct labor hour.

A task force headed by Harris’s CFO recently designed an ABC system with four activities. The ABC system retains the current system’s two direct cost categories. Thus, it budgets only overhead costs for each activity.

Pertinent data follows

Activity                                         Allocation Base                           Cost Allocation Rate

Material handling                  Number of parts                                            \$ 0.85

Machine setup                       Number of setups                                          500.00

Assembling                             Assembling hours                                          80.00

Shipping                                  Number of shipments                                                1,500.00

Harris Systems has been awarded two new contracts, which will be produced as Job A and Job B. Budget data relating to the contracts follows:

JOB A                          JOB B

Number of parts……………………………………. 15,000                              2,000

Number of setups……………………………………06                                         04

Number of assembling hours…………………1,500                                  200

Number of shipments……………………………..1                                            01

Total direct labor hours………………………. 8,000                                     600

Number of output units………………………….100                                        10

Direct materials cost……………………………..\$220,000                         \$30,000

Direct labor cost……………………………………\$160,000                         \$12,000

Requirements:

1. Compute the product cost per unit for each job, using the original costing system (with two direct cost categories and a single overhead allocation rate.)
2. Suppose Harris Systems adopts the ABC system. Compute the product cost per unit for each job using ABC.
3. Which costing system more accurately assigns to jobs the costs of the resources consumed to produce them? Explain
4. A dependable company has offered to produce both jobs for Harris for \$5,400 per output unit. Harris may outsource (buy from the outside company) either Job A only, Job B only, or both jobs.

Which course of action will Harris‘s mangers take if they base their decision on (A) the original system or (B) ABC system costs?

Which course of action will YIELD more income? Explain

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