Who were some of the world leaders who played key roles in the end of the Cold War?

Please review the essay at the end of these questions titled “Themes in US and World History” and answer the questions accordingly. Please label each answer.
1. The factual basis of both U.S. historical events must be strengthened.
2. What event in 1972 sparked the Watergate scandal and investigation?
3. What other government officials were implicated besides Nixon?
4. What does the acronym IBM stand for?
5. How long has the company been in business, and how successful was it’s original line of computers?
6. The submission must provide a logical explanation of how each of the 2 chosen world historical events represent a different given historical theme.
7. A. The factual basis of both world historical events must be strengthened. What chain of events beginning in the late 1980s led to the end of the Cold War?

B. What happened to the Communist states of Eastern Europe as a consequence of the ending of the Cold War?

C. Who were some of the world leaders who played key roles in the end of the Cold War?
D. Who began the Internet, where did it begin, and for what purpose was it founded?
E. In essence, what is the Internet?
8. A. A more in-depth analysis of the four events is necessary. What is the lasting legacy of the legacy of the resignation of President Nixon for American society and politics?

B. What broad impact has the end of the Cold War has for international politics, trade, and diplomacy?

C. How has the advent of the Internet revolutionized modern society?
D. How large of a role does IBM and its computers play in the contemporary high tech world?

“Themes in US and World History
Four historical events might be considered as having played a crucial role in the shaping of the world history and that of the United States of America. One of these events was the resignation of President Richard Nixon in the year 1974. Nixon vacated office and was succeeded by President Richard Nixon, following the damaging evidence of his role on the infamous Watergate scandal (Elish, 2007). This event opened up debate and concern about the negative aspect of the bureaucratic structure of the United States of America. Nixon was found guilty of using the machinery of the state to spy on the activities of the opposition and his perceived political rivals.
It was discovered that he had covertly presided over the establishment of a secret network within his administrative structure to tap telephone conversations of his rivals and other personalities who were perceived as generally opposed to some of his domineering policies. This scandal opened up the world to the reality that democratic systems were as much prone to abuse just as the non-democratic systems of governance (Elish, 2007). The events happened in a decade that was informed by fierce struggle for dominance between the forces of communism and those of capitalism. Consequently, there emerged major shifts in the geopolitical dynamisms that placed the capitalist structures under heavy criticism from the communist and socialist establishments around the world.
The second event that changed the structure of world history was the launch of the first IBM computers in 1981. This launch was very historically significant in the manner in which it revolutionized the work place in the conventional office settings. There was a radical shift from the use of obsolete technology in the official circles that resulted in increased efficiency in firms and corporations. Most significantly, this launch was regarded as a landmark in the history of the USA because it vindicated her position as a leader in technological innovations. It marked one of the most important phases in technological development of the United States and the western world.
The same year, 1981, marked the end of the cold war. This was an important historical development that meant that the world would now return on the path of political stability. There was the easing of tensions between the world powers allied to the United States of America, and those that were aligned to Russia or the soviet block as it was known then (McMohon, 2003). In terms of development, the emergent shape of the world meant that there were reductions in military experimentations, and countries could train their budgets on the non-military forms of investments. On the social scene, new alliances were mooted and new agreements signed on the basis of mutual development.
Perhaps the most important year in the world of technology was 1998. This was the year when it was confirmed that 45 million people around the world had become connected to the internet (Hillstrom, 2005). This was a season that has come to be referred to as the “internet revolution.” It was a revolution that touched off an increase in the scope of connections between people, societies, cultures, countries and institutions. The transformation of the communication systems of the world solved major logistical challenges that had impeded the progress of a wide variety of systems. For instance, the increased internet connectivity increased the processes of democratization and enhanced the efficiency of international trade as perceived within the context of E-Commerce.

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