Describe the role of the nurse in end-of-life decision making with patients and their families.

Your manager asked you to prepare an article for a community newsletter for a local retirement village. The editor wants you to talk about the laws, policies, and choices surrounding end-of-life health care decisions Preparation Search the Capella library and the Internet for scholarly and professional peer-reviewed articles on end-of-life care. You will need at least three articles to use as support for your work on this assessment. Directions Write an article of 7501,000 words (34 pages) that discusses the laws, policies, and choices surrounding end-of-life health care decisions. Address the following in your article:Explain the legislation that generated end-of-life health care policies. Was the legislation an outcome of a specific medical case? Identify the primary policies regarding current health care practices related to end-of-life health care decisions. How to these policies affect treatment decisions? Explain the effect of end-of-life regulations and controls on patient outcomes. What effect does this have on the nurse-patient relationship? Describe the ethical considerations that have influenced policy decisions in regard to end-of-life decisions. To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community. How should nurses manage patients whose end-of-life decisions may run contrary to their personal beliefs and values? How can nurses influence new policies, laws, or legislation regarding end-of life decisions? What are some of the most difficult decisions patients and families have to make at the end of the patient’s life? Nurses are at the bedside during the dying process; they spend entire shifts with patients and families; they develop trusting relationships; and they are competent to assess patient and family needs. Nurses gain a unique perspective that allows them to become aware when a patient is not responding to treatment. This perspective places nurses in a position to facilitate end-of-life decision making. (Adams, Bailey. Anderson, & Docherty, 2011, para. 4) Reference Adams, J. A., Bailey, D. E., Jr., Anderson, R. A., & Docherty, S. L. (2011). Nursing roles and strategies in end-of-life decision making in acute care: A systematic review of the literature. Nursing Research and Practice, 2011. By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria: SHOW LESS Competency 1: Explain the effect of health care policies, legislation, and legal issues on health care delivery and patient outcomes. Identify the primary policies that define current health care practices in regard to end-of-life health care decisions. Explain the legislation that generated end-of-life health care policies. Competency 2: Explain the effect of regulatory environments and controls on health care delivery and patient outcomes. Explain the effect of end-of-life regulations and controls on patient outcomes. Competency 3: Apply professional nursing ethical standards and principles to the decision-making process. Describe the role of the nurse in end-of-life decision making with patients and their families. Describe the ethical considerations that have influenced policy decisions in regard to end-of-life decisions.

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