Socrates and the Sophists: The Sophists argued that the early philosophers were wrong to believe that it is possible for human reason to grasp the truth about reality especially concerning issues of morality and politics. This led them to the conclusion that there was no truth in these areas, only opinion. Did Socrates succeed in showing that the Sophists, and their theories of relativism and moral realism, were weak? Or, at least, did he show that they were not the most reasonable positions to take, especially regarding politics and morals? Socrates Belief in the Human Psyche: Socrates believed that human beings have a non-material dimension to them (the human psyche), which gives them the ability to escape the limits of human emotion and social programming, and gives them the power to catch at least a glimpse of THE TRUTH. Socrates makes no argument that the psyche (often translated as the soul) exists. Later on, his most famous student, Plato, will attempt to do this. But Socrates tends to merely assume the existence of the human psyche. Is he on the right track by linking so many of his ideas, including the defense of his actions that he offers at his trial, to the idea that human being have a psyche or soul? Did Socrates succeed in showing that human beings have a non-material dimension to them (the human psyche), which gives them the ability to escape the limits of human emotion and social programming, and gives them the power to catch at least a glimpse of THE TRUTH?
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